REVITALISATION OF A HAMLET
GRADUATE THESIS PROJECT
A project on revitalising underdeveloped agricultural areas and hamlets in the Dalmatian hinterground, affected and deserted during the Croatian war for Independace. In the Dalmatian outback there are remnants of vernacular stone architecture that show potential as being catalziers of space development through a new agricultural tourism model.
Lebbeus Woods // Radical Reconstruction - war and architecture
Before attempting to address the reconstruction prospects forced upon
us by the destruction of Sarajevo, I studied the history of modern cities
attacked in the Second World War.
. . .
From my studies, I can see only two guiding principles shared by the
majority of post-war reconstruction
The First Principle: Restore what has been lost to its pre-war condition.
The idea is to restore ‘normalcy,’ where the normal is the way of living lost
as a result of the war. The idea considers the war as only an interruption of
an ongoing flow of the normal.
The Second Principle: Demolish the damaged and destroyed buildings
and build something entirely new. This ‘new’ could be something radically
different from what existed before, or only an updated version of the lost
pre-war normal. Its application is very expensive financially, at the least.
Both of these concepts reflect the desires of most city inhabitants to ‘get
back to normal,’ and forget the trauma they suffered as a result of the
violence and destruction. Yet, both concepts ignore the effects of the war
and destruction on the people who suffered through them, not only the
personal psychological effects, but also those forcing changes to people’s
social, political, and economic relationships. The impact of this change
alone on people’s everyday lives has been enormous, and particularly so
in the ways they perceive each other and themselves. In this sense, it is
not possible to get back to normal. The pre-war normal no longer exists,
having been irrevocably destroyed. Still, this does not mean that many—
even most—people will not desire to do so.
In effect, a new principle of reconstruction needs to be established. We’ll
call it the Third Principle: The post-war city must create the new from the
damaged old. Many of the buildings in the war-damaged city are relatively
salvageable, and because the finances of individuals and remaining
institutions have been depleted by war and its privations, that salvageable
building stock must be used to build the ‘new’ city. And because the new
ways of living will not be the same as the old, the reconstruction of old
buildings must enable new ways and ideas of living. The familiar old must
be transformed, by conscious intention and design, into the unfamiliar new.
Andrea Branzi // Weak and Diffuse Modernity
Today architecture and agriculture are two completely opposing
realities : where there is one there cannot be the other.
But the agricultural origin of architecture (and likewise the
architectural origin of agriculture) is easily provable in the areas of
the Mediterranean where these diverse land uses cohabit, generating
mentor / Prof. Helena Paver-Njirić
school / Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb
year / winter semester 2013